You are considered to be a researcher if you come to Finland to study at a university after your master's degree for
- a licentiate degree,
- a doctor's degree or
- to conduct post-doc research
and you receive a scholarship or salary from an official sponsor, such as a university or a research institute.
In this case, you need to apply for a residence permit as a researcher. Note that the official sponsor which pays for your salary or your scholarship can be Finnish or foreign.
If you come to Finland to study at a university after your master's degree and finance your studies with your own money, you need to apply for a residence permit for studies.
Information provided by EURAXESS Finland